Pueblo is the Spanish word for town. When Spanish explorers first arrived in New Mexico and Arizona in the 1500’s, they found people living in compact terraced structures. The Spaniards called these people Pueblo Indians. These Indians formed one of the most civilized groups in all of North America. In my paper I will discuss their history, their tradition, their current life style and show why this group of people have a rich heritage.
The Pueblo way of life is part of the ancient Anasazi culture. The ‘cliff dwellers’ as they were called stayed in one place. They, like their ancestors, built ‘apartment type houses’ out of sun-dried bricks. Most lived as farmers and grew crops corn, pumpkins, and beans. In times of war, the Indians pulled up all the ladders to their homes and turned the village into a fort. They kept all of their supplies inside the great buildings. These ‘children of the Anasazi’ have a great culture, and their rich history can still be seen today.
The Pueblos have rich traditions. Not only were they good farmers and builders, but also they were also good at crafts. Some made beautiful jewelry. Some made beautiful pottery. Each pueblo dwelling contained at lease one kiva, a ceremonial chamber for men. These people were rich with traditions that included beautiful artwork and religious meaning.
Today the Pueblos live mostly in New Mexico and Arizona. They do not make up one tribe. Each group has its own complete organization. The Pueblos also speak different languages, although today most of these people speak English. Some of these people live on reservations and some live in the non-American Indian population. Today this is a varied people with a common language and history.
In closing the Pueblo Indians are a people rich in history, tradition, and everyday life. They come from the ancient Anasazi Indians. They are excellent craftsmen and were excellent builders. Today they are a carried people who live in the Southern states. They truly are a people rich in heritage.