@N @wsome repoRT on Robot$

By drummerdude101


Just to inform you this rad report is about robots, how they work, their rad history, and what there for. Example: robots do stuff that is dangerous and stuff that we canŐt do. To find out more you must read my report.

What does it do?

        This paragraph is about what robots do. According to Rover ranch.com Robots do stuff that humans canŐt do. They build cars. They have been on mars. They defuse bombs. They save lives. I know of several people that use robots they are all car companies.

This paragraph is about what kind of robots there are.  According to Rover ranch.com Robots can be found in car factories, the military, space exploration, transportation, and doctors offices.

Below are just some of the uses for robots. Robots on Earth have typical jobs. Robots do jobs that are difficult, dangerous or dull. They lift heavy objects, paint, handle chemicals, and perform assembly work. They perform the same job hour after hour, day after day with out wining. They don't get tired and they don't make errors because robots donŐt get sleepy.


The major categories of industrial robots by mechanical structure are Cartesian robot /Gantry robot: Used for pick and place work, application of sealant, assembly operations, handling machine tools and arc welding. It's a robot whose arm has three prismatic joints, whose axes are coincident with a Cartesian coordinator. Cylindrical robot: Used for assembly operations, handling at machine tools, spot welding, and handling at diecasting machines. It's a robot whose axes form a cylindrical coordinate system. Spherical/Polar robot: Used for handling at machine tools, spot welding, diecasting, fettling machines, gas welding and arc welding. It's a robot whose axes form a polar coordinate system. SCARA robot: Used for pick and place work, application of sealant, assembly operations and handling machine tools. It's a robot, which has two parallel rotary joints to provide compliance in a plane. Articulated robot: Used for assembly operations, diecasting, fettling machines, gas welding, arc welding and spray painting. It's a robot whose arm has at least three rotary joints. Parallel robot: One use is a mobile platform handling cockpit flight simulators. It's a robot whose arms have concurrent prismatic or rotary joints. Industrial Robots are found in a variety of locations including the automobile and manufacturing industries. Robots cut and shape fabricated parts, assemble machinery and inspect manufactured parts. Some types of jobs robots do: load bricks, die cast, drill, fasten, forge, make glass, grind, heat treat, load/unload machines, machine parts, handle parts, measure, monitor radiation, run nuts, sort parts, clean parts, profile objects, perform quality control, rivet, sand blast, change tools and weld.

Outside the manufacturing world robots perform other important jobs. They can be found in hazardous duty service, CAD/CAM design and prototyping, maintenance jobs, fighting fires, medical applications, and military warfare and on the farm. Demeter Harvester Farmers drive over a billion slooooww tractor miles every year on the same ground. Their land is generally gentle, and proven robot navigation techniques can be applied to this environment. A robot agricultural harvester named Demeter is a model for commercializing mobile robotics technology. The Demeter harvester contains controllers, positioners, safeguards, and task software specialized to the needs commercial agriculture. Pioneer Robot Some robots are used to investigate hazardous and dangerous environments. The Pioneer robot is a remote reconnaissance system for structural analysis of the Chornobyl Unit 4 reactor building. Its major components are a teleoperated mobile robot for deploying sensor and sampling payloads, a mapper for creating photorealistic 3D models of the building interior, a coreborer for cutting and retrieving samples of structural materials, and a suite of radiation and other environmental sensors. An eight-legged, tethered, robot named Dante II descended into the active crater of Mt. Spurr, an Alaskan volcano 90 miles west of Anchorage. Dante II's mission was to rappel and walk autonomously over rough terrain in a harsh environment; receive instructions from remote operators; demonstrate sophisticated communications and control software; and determine how much carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and sulfur dioxide exist in the steamy gas emanating from fumaroles in the crater. Dante II Via satellite, Dante II sent back visual information and other data, as well as received instruction from human operators at control stations in Anchorage, Washington D.C., and the NASA Ames Research Center near San Francisco. Dante II saves volcanologists from having to enter the craters of active volcanoes. It also demonstrates the technology necessary for a robot to explore the surface of the moon or planets. That is, the robot must be able to walk on rough terrain in a harsh environment, receive instructions from remote operators about where to go next, and reach those commanded goals autonomously.

Robotic underwater rovers are used explore and gather information about many facets of our marine environment. One example of underwater exploration is Project Jeremy, a collaboration between NASA and Santa Clara University. Scientists sent an underwater telepresence remotely operated Phantom XTL vehicle (TROV) into the freezing Arctic Ocean waters to investigate the remains of a whaling fleet lost in 1871. The TROV was tethered to the surface boat Polar Star by a cable that carried power and instructions down to the robot and the robot returned video images up to the Polar Star. The TROV located two ships which it documented using stereoscopic video cameras and control mechanisms like the ones on the Mars Pathfinder. In addition to pictures, the TROV can also collect artifacts and gather information about the water conditions. By learning how to study extreme environments on earth, scientists will be better prepared to study environments on other planets.

Check out Ways to Use Robots in Space. Space-based robotic technology at NASA falls within three specific mission areas: exploration robotics, science payload maintenance, and on-orbit servicing. Related elements are terrestrial/commercial applications, which transfer technologies generated from space telerobotics to the commercial sector, and component technology, which encompasses the development of joint designs, muscle wire, exoskeletons, and sensor technology. Today, two important devices exist which are proven space robots. One is the Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) and the other is the Remote Manipulator System (RMS). Sojourner An ROV can be an unmanned spacecraft that remains in flight, a Lander that makes contact with an extraterrestrial body and operates from a stationary position, or a rover that can move over terrain once it has landed. It is difficult to say exactly when early spacecraft evolved from simple automatons to robot explorers or ROVs. Even the earliest and simplest spacecraft operated with some preprogrammed functions monitored closely from Earth. One of the best known ROV's is the Sojourner rover that was deployed by the Mars Pathfinder spacecraft. Several NASA centers are involved in developing planetary explorers and space-based robots. The most common type of existing robotic device is the robot arm RMS often used in industry and manufacturing. The mechanical arm recreates many of the movements of the human arm, having not only side-to-side and up-and-down motion, but also a full 360-degree circular motion at the wrist, which humans do not have. Robot arms are of two types. One is computer-operated and programmed for a specific function. The other requires a human to actually control the strength and movement of the arm to perform the task. To date, the NASA Remote Manipulator System (RMS) robot arm has performed a number of tasks on many space missions serving as a grappler, a remote assembly device, and also as a positioning and anchoring device for astronauts working in space.

 How it works

According to Rover ranch.com, a robot is made up of the very same components. A typical robot has a movable physical structure, a motor of some sort, a sensor system, a power supply and a computer "brain" that controls all of these elements. Essentially, robots are man-made versions of animal life -- they are machines that replicate human and animal behavior. Joseph Engelberger, a pioneer in industrial robotics, once remarked "I can't define a robot, but I know one when I see one." If you consider all the different machines people call robots, you can see that it's nearly impossible to come up with a comprehensive definition. Everybody has a different idea of what constitutes a robot.


According to Rover ranch.com, the following information is availableÉ

# 1495 – Leonardo da - Vinci designed the first robot. # 1956 - George Devol and Joseph Engelberger formed the world's first robot company.

# 1959 - Computer-assisted manufacturing was demonstrated at the Servomechanisms Lab at MIT. # 1961 - The first industrial robot was online in a General Motors automobile factory in New Jersey. It was called UNIMATE. # 1963 - The first artificial robotic arm to be controlled by a computer was designed. The Rancho Arm was designed as a tool for the handicapped and its six joints gave it the flexibility of a human arm.

# 1965 - DENDRAL was the first expert system or program designed to execute the accumulated knowledge of subject experts. Marvin Minsky developed # 1968 - the octopus-like Tentacle Arm. # 1969 - The Stanford Arm was the f0irst electrically powered, computer-controlled robot arm. # 1970 – Sha0key was introduced as the first mobile robot controlled by artificial intellence. SRI International produced it. # 1974 - A robotic arm (the Silver Arm) that performed small-parts assembly using feedback from touches and pressure sensors was designed.

# 1979 - The Standford Cart crossed a chair-filled room without human assistance. The cart had a TV camera mounted on a rail, which took pictures from multiple angles and relayed them to a computer. The computer analyzed the distance between the cart and the obstacles.



I hope you enjoyed my report.  I hope you learned something from my report.