Artificial Heart

By Curious George

Intro

 

How would you feel if you got a phone call in school, and they told you that your mom was going to die from heart failure?  How would you feel?  After the shock wears off, would you long for help?  Did you know that HELP is available? Well the artificial heart can help with that.  In my report I will cover the following.  I will cover what it is, the survival of all the patients, and the history of the artificial heart.  I may throw in some extras if you’re lucky. He he J Please read and enjoy my report on the artificial heart.  You may now proceed to read on.

What is it?

       What is the artificial heart?  According to Wikipedia, “An artificial heart is a prosthetic device that is implanted into the body to replace the biological heart.”  If you have heart failure, you can get a transplant and get an artificial heart.  It connects into your body where your old heart was.  I think it is very cool. (Wikipedia.org)

       This paragraph is about the machine called mother.  According to Lisa Rosetta, “For 133 days, he stayed at LDS Hospital tethered to a 400-pound console, which he called "mother." The machine provided pulses of air and vacuum that made his artificial heart pump like a human heart.”  The machine is something that can keep you heart pumping like a real human heart.  It does that until your artificial heart is okay to be on its own. (http://pioneer.uen.org/k12/index….)

       This paragraph is about the dangers of the artificial heart.  According to monkey man, “25% of the people who get artificial hearts get a stroke.”  I think that is very sad that something that saves lives can be so dangerous.  If you can believe it, a life saving device can be dangerous.

       This paragraph is about how much it weighs.  According to Lisa Rosetta, “The prosthetic artificial heart weighing 2 pounds was implanted into Barney Clark in 1982.”  I think that is pretty light for something that compact.  The artificial heart must’ve been that light so it wouldn’t be much of a pain to have around in you for more than a year.  (http://pioneer.uen.org/k12/index….)

      

History

This paragraph is about who the first person to get an artificial heart was.        According to Lisa Rosetta, “The device, a modern version of the Jarvik 7 artificial heart first implanted into Barney Clark in 1982, will be used as a "bridge" to keep end-stage heart failure patients alive while they wait for a heart transplant.”  Barney Clark lived a lot longer than he would have thanks to the artificial heart.  I think it is a very cool and helpful device. (1 http://pioneer.uen.org/k12/index…)

       This paragraph is about who invented the artificial heart.  According to the Associated Press, AP, “Dr. Robert Jarvik, inventor of the artificial heart, Jarvik-7, holds up a model like the one implanted in Barney Clark in Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1982.”  The first artificial heart transplant was done here in Utah at the U of U.  Dr. Jarvik is an amazing person who went to the U of U for college.  He has done some amazing things. (http://images.google.com/imgres?img…)

This paragraph is about what Dr. Jarvik does for a living.  According to Mary Bells, “In 1982, Seattle dentist Dr. Barney Clark was the first person implanted with the Jarvik-7, an artificial heart intended to last a lifetime.”  I think that a dentist inventing the artificial heart is quite extraordinary.  It is amazing that only a dentist invented this amazing device.  It is life saving device and only a dentist made it.  You can do anything you set your heart to. (http://inventors.about.com/library…)

This paragraph is about how many people get artificial hearts every year.  According to The Press Agency, Saudi, “About 4,000 U.S. patients await heart transplants each year, and only about 2,200 donor hearts typically become available.”  I think that is a very high number of people who come in.  That’s sad that only half of the patients who need one get one.  The doctors only choose the sickest patients to give the artificial hearts to. (http://pioneer.uen.org/k12//index/j…)

This paragraph is about who really got the first artificial heart.  According to Wikipedia, “The first artificial heart implanted in a living being was placed in a dog at the Cleveland Clinic in 1957; it survived about 90 minutes.”  I think that is pretty sweet that a dog was the first being to get an artificial heart. (Wikipedia.org)

      

Survival of Patients

       This paragraph is about how many people have gotten the artificial heart and survived.  According to Lisa Rosetta, “About 79% of the people who get artificial hearts pull through.” I think that is very sad.  That means that 21% die.  The heart would either fail or never work, or they’re just too sick. (http://pioneer.uen.org/k12//index/j…)

       This paragraph is how long you can survive after getting an artificial heart.  According to Lisa Rosetta, “The artificial heart was implanted into Barney Clark, who lived for 112 days.”  You can live for a little over a year or longer.  Usually you can only live for less than a month.  With the artificial heart, you can live for more than a year.  How great is that?!  (http://pioneer.uen.org/k12//index/j…)

      

      

Extra Stuff

       This paragraph is about the size limit of artificial hearts.  According to Lisa Rosetta, “You have to have your chest measured and if you don’t fit the artificial heart, you can’t get one.”  There is only one size of an artificial heart.  If you don’t fit it you don’t get one.  I think it’s pretty unfair. (http://pioneer.uen.org/k12//index/j…)

       This paragraph is about the cost of the artificial heart.  According to Lisa Rosetta, “The artificial heart costs up to 100,000 dollars.”  I think that is very expensive.  You are dying and you have to pay 100,000 dollars.  That’s ¼ the cost of my cabin!  I think that is way too expensive. (http://pioneer.uen.org/k12//index/j…)

       This paragraph is about how much blood the artificial heart can pump per minute.  According to princess pie, “The AbioCor Artificial heart can pump 10 liters of blood per minute.”  That is a lot of blood in one minute.  The artificial heart is just like a human heart how cool is that?!

 

 

      

Conclusion

I hope you’ve liked my report on the artificial heart.  I bet I just gave you an interesting fact about the artificial heart to tell your parents.  If you thought my report was good, let me know.  Now you know how you can save someone in trouble.  I hope you now know what it is, survival of patients, and the history, and some extra stuff.  I hope you like the artificial heart. I sure do!!  It is so cool!

Key

Green = flavor

Red = quoted answer

Blue = sources

J J J J J J J J J J  J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

Bibliography

1 http://pioneer.uen.org/k12/index.jsp

Rosetta, Lisa

Artificial heart: IMC doctors once again to implant life-saving device.

April 28, 2008

It talks about the life saving device called the artificial heart.  It talks about what it does and how it works.

 

Bibliography

http://pioneer.uen.org/k12//index.jsp

Press Agency, Saudi

0034 Temporary artificial heart wins

April 29, 2008

It talks about the problems the artificial heart can cause.  It also says the improvements of the artificial heart.

 

Bibliography

www.wikipedia.org

wikipedia

Artificial heart

April 30, 2008

It talks about all the different types of artificial hearts.  It talks about what the artificial heart does, and what it is.

 

Bibliography

http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blartificialheart.htm

Bells, Mary

Artificial heart

May 2, 2008

It talks about the inventor of the artificial heart.

 

Bibliography

http://msnbcmedia1.msn.com/j/msnbc/

The AP Associated Press

Doctor donates artificial heart to Smithsonian

May 6, 2008

It talks about Dr. Robert Jarvik and Barney Clark.

 

Bibliography

Arabia 2000; 10/18/2004

Press Agency, Saudi

0033 Temporary artificial heart wins U.S. approval

May 6, 2008

It talks all about the artificial heart and how many people come in to get one.