The Amazing Pencil and Pen Plus more!

 

By A Kid

Intro

       Have you ever wondered how big the world’s largest pencil is? Have you ever wondered how crayons are made? Well this report will answer those pestering questions for you. You will learn who invented the pencil, when it was invented, you will learn about the crayon and the amazing marker. You will also learn about the world’s largest pen and even more!

Pencils

         How big is the world’s largest pencil? Kedar Misani said, Ashrita Furman broke the record of the world's largest pencil in Queens, New York, in the year of 2007. The large pencil is 76 feet long and it weighs 18,000 pounds. If you tried to match the large pencil's weight it would take the volume of 1,900,000 normal pencils. This pencil has 4,500 pounds of graphite (the stuff that makes marks). That's a big pencil. The sad part is, is if it breaks

then you cannot sharpen it in less they made a huge pencil sharpener.

What is the history of the pencil? Mary Bellis wrote, Pencils were finally invented when Nicolas Conte discovered a way to make a decent pencil in 1795. That was a long, long time ago. The word pencil comes from a old English word meaning brush. Kind of like 'ello gov'na. The weird thing is, is that pencils are actually not made out of lead! They are made out of a rock called graphite. Nicolas's way of making pencils allowed pencils to be made to any level of hardness or any level of softness which was very important to artists and draftsmen. In 1770, Joseph Priestley who also was the discoverer of oxygen, said, "I have seen a substance excellently adapted to the purpose of wiping from paper the mark of black lead pencil." People in Europe were rubbing away marks from graphite with small cubes of rubber. The only problem with rubber was that it went bad very easily like food and once it went bad you had to get more. Sounds like your throwing your money out the window.

What is the history of the mechanical pencil? Laura Binder said, the mechanical pencil was invented by Sampson Mordan and Gabriel Riddle in 1822. But it didn't really work out. It was more like a refillable lead holder then a mechanical pencil. Slight improvements on the mechanical pencil were made in the years of 1860 to 1900. A spring-loaded pencil was made in 1877, and the twist feed mechanicsm was introduced in 1895. In the early 1900s, two men invented sharper, thinner writting tools. In 1915, Tokuji Hayakawa made a pencil with a metal shaft, a screw based mechanism and sharp lead.  Around the same point of history, Charles Keeran invented a pencil with thinner lead. Right now there are tons of mechanical pencils in office supplies stores and they are very popular for offices and school children. Mechanical Pencils are awesome!

 

The Pen

How big is the world’s largest pen? According to World Records, Chowdhury the person who invented the largest pen also has two other world records for doing 198 pushups in a minute and memorizing 14 names with birth dates in less then 2 minutes. He made the world's largest pen that weighs 10 kilograms and is 12 feet long. This amazing pen can also write! I wonder how hard it is to write with the pen.

What’s a digital pen? Ina Fried proclaimed, digital pens are a new and improved pen. They have a camera right under the tip so when you're writing you can record it with the camera. That would come in handy because if you lost your homework then it would be on your pen. The digital pen also has a speaker for recording things for stuff like presentations for work, or a homework assignment. To gain power the digital pen has to charge. This seems like the best pen that you could get. It doesn't need batteries, It has a camera and even a speaker! Unfortunately you have to buy a special kind of paper in order for the digital pen to work.

 

Crayons

What is the history of the Crayola Crayon? Mary Bellis dialogued,  Around the time 1885, Edwin Binney and C. Smith formed the partnership Binney and Smith. The partners made the company's product line bigger to include she polish and printing ink. In 1900, the company bought a stone mill in Easton PA, and began making slate pencils for schools. This got Binney and Smith's company started on researching nontoxic and colorful drawing items. A new wax that they used to mark crates and barrels was already invented. However, it was full of carbon black and toxic for children. But, Binney and Smith's were confident that their way of mixing wax could work out for children. In 1903, a new brand of crayons with super working qualities was put on the market by Crayola Crayons and thus the crayola crayon was born. -

How are crayons made? According to Howstuffworks Inc., the  two main ingredients in a crayon are Pigment and Paraffin wax. This mix is heated until it melts into a liquid. Crayons melt at 105 degrees F and 40 degrees C. The mix is heated to 190 degrees F and and 82 degrees C. The liquid is poured into a preheated mold full of a lot of crayon shaped holes. After that they take the crayons and put them in cool water for them to harden. The cool water is 55 degrees F and 13 degrees C. The way of hardening the mold makes the crayons in 3 to 9 mins. One mold makes 1,200 crayons at a time which ways about 40 lbs. total. The machine uses hydraulic pressure to take out the crayons from the mold. Earlier mold designs used a hand crank to push up the crayons. The left over wax to make crayons is recycled to make more crayons so making crayons is not wasteful. More than 120 crayon colors are possible and 2.4 million to 6.4 million crayons are made in a day. That's a lot of crayons. I didn't know that crayons were that popular.

The Marker

 

 

What is the history of the marker? Mary Bellis declared, Sidney Rosenthal invented the very first "Magic Marker" in the 1940's. By 1958 markers were common. People were using them for labelling, marking packages, and creating posters. In 1952, Sidney Rosenthal started to market the first felt tip marker. A squat glass bottle was used to hold the ink and there was a wool felt wick and writing tip. That would have been very different. Now, they make markers out of plastic! Sidney named his marker the "Magic Marker" because it was the first writing tool that could write on almost anything. To us that isn't a very big deal. Back then they only had pencils and pens that couldn't write on very many things. In 1991, markers were upgrading. Crayola created a line that had highlighters, permanent markers and skinny markers. In 1996, "Magic Marker #2" was invented. Pretty much every teacher with a white board has one. The "Magic Marker #2" could also write on glass and dry erase boards. Since we have white boards now it should be comforting to know that no one can scratch their fingernails on the chalk board.

 

Conclusion

Now all those pestering questions about writing utensils are answered. Thank you for reading my awesome report. You truly are awesome. (-: